About Powerlifting

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Strength is the primary ingredient of athletic performance.  Powerlifting's lifts are the definitive measure of strength. Powerlifting is the ultimate strength competition. The powerlifting athlete competes in three specific disciplines, each designed to measure different areas of human strength. The sum or total of the best lift in each discipline determines the winner. Powerlifting is an exciting sport where athletes compete against the force of iron as well as other athletes.

Powerlifting is an international sport practiced in close to 100 countries on all continents. Athletes, men and women from age 14 to 80, compete in given age groups and weight categories. Weight categories begin with 44kg women's class and end in the men's over 125kg class (unlimited). Powerlifters are unique athletes competing in an exciting sport. They move massive amounts of weight in hi-tech supportive gear that protects against  injury. Contests and appreciative fans can be found from Delhi, India, to Dallas, USA. The unique powerlifting athletes compete in a wide variety of local, state, regional,national and international competitions.

The three disciplines, in contest order, that make up the sport are the Squat, Bench press and Deadlift.

Squat
The lift starts with the lifter standing erect and the bar loaded with weights resting on the lifter,s shoulders. At the referee's command the lift begins. The lifter bends his knees and lowers himself into a squatting position with the hips slightly below parallel position. The lifter returns to an erect position. At the referees command the bar is returned to the rack and the lift is completed.

 

                                                                                             


Bench Press
With his or her back resting on the bench, the lifter takes the loaded bar at arm's length. At the referee's command the powerlifter lowers the bar to the chest. On the chest there must be a visible pause. The powerlifter pushes the weight up until the arms are straight and the elbows locked. Then the referee will call 'rack' and the lift is completed as the weight is retuned to the rack.
 

 

Deadlift
The deadlift is often described as the king of the powerlifting disciplines. In the deadlift the athlete grasps the loaded bar which is resting on the platform floor. The powerlifter pulls the weights off the floor and assumes a standing erect position. The knees must be locked and shoulders back with the weight held in the lifters's grip. At the referees command the bar will be returned to the floor under the control of the lifter. 

 

 

 

WILKS FORMULA

A formula used to determine the best lifter or lift of powerlifters of different body

weights.

Find the lifters kilo bodyweight coefficient number from the list by looking down the left

hand column and the tenths of a kilo across the top. EG 69.3 kg has a coefficient of

.7552. Multiply this number by the individual lift or total. The lifter with the highest

resulting figure is the "best lifter".

See Wilks table

See Wilk's Calculator

Age Categories

MEN

Open: from the day he reaches 14 years and upwards (no category restrictions need apply).

Sub-Junior: from the day he reaches 14 years and throughout the full calendar year in which he reaches 18 years.

Junior: from 1 January in the calendar year he reaches 19 years and throughout the full calendar year in which he reaches 23 years.
Master I:
from 1 January in the calendar year he reaches 40 years and throughout the full calendar year in which he reaches 49 years.
Master II:
from 1 January in the calendar year he reaches 50 years and throughout the full calendar year in which he reaches 59 years.
Master III:
from 1 January in the calendar year he reaches 60 years and throughout the full calendar year in which he reaches 69 years.
Master IV:
from 1 January in the calendar year he reaches 70 years and upwards. It must be recognized that Master IV age category is not included in class weights.


WOMEN 

Open: from the day she reaches 14 years and upwards (no category restrictions need apply).

Sub-Junior: from the day she reaches 14 years and throughout the full calendar year in which she reaches 18 years.
Junior:
from 1 January in the calendar year she reaches 19 years and throughout the full calendar year in which she reaches 23 years.
Master I:
from 1 January in the calendar year she reaches 40 years and throughout the full calendar year in which she reaches 49 years.
Master II:
from 1 January in the calendar year she reaches 50 years and throughout the full calendar year in which she reaches 59 years.
Master III:
from 1 January in the calendar year she reaches 60 years and upwards. It must be recognized that Master III age category is not included in class weights.

Competitive lifting shall be restricted to competitors aged 14 years and older.

Weight Divisions

MEN
Sub-Junior & Junior only-up to 53.0 kg
59.0 kg Class up to 59.0 kg
66.0 kg Class from 59.01 kg up to 66.0 kg
74.0 kg Class from 66.01 kg up to 74.0 kg
83.0 kg Class from 74.01 kg up to 83.0 kg
93.0 kg Class from 83.01 kg up to 93.0 kg
105.0 kg Class from 93.01 kg up to 105.0 kg
120.0 kg Class from 105.01 kg up to 120.0 kg
120.0+ kg Class from 120.01 kg up to unlimited

WOMEN
Sub-Junior & Junior only-up to 43.0 kg
47.0 kg Class up to 47.0 kg
52.0 kg Class from 47.01 kg up to 52.0 kg
57.0 kg Class from 52.01 kg up to 57.0 kg
63.0 kg Class from 57.01 kg up to 63.0 kg
72.0 kg Class from 63.01 kg up to 72.0 kg
84.0 kg Class from 72.01 kg up to 84.0 kg
84.0+ kg Class from 84.01 kg up to unlimited.

 

 

The first powerlifting competitions were organized in the early 1960s. Powerlifting has a steady growth and at present there are over 500'000 athletes. The International Powerlifting Federation (IPF) governs all competitions in 92 member nations. The IPF has a banned substance abuse policy that mirrors the IOC's policy. The IPF conducts consistently in and out of competition drug testing.

1. The Basics of Powerlifting.

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